Chronic fatigue syndrome also called myalgic encephalomyelitis or ME is difficult to diagnose and to treat. One of the main symptoms includes a constant state of extreme tiredness that last at least six months but in many cases longer. The exact causes of this illness remain unknown but we know that it can affect people of all ages but particularly women.
How can you explain chronic fatigue?
The exact causes of chronic fatigue might not be known but certain factors can trigger chronic fatigue:
- Difficulties sleeping: insufficient or a bad quality of sleep can be a potential factor that triggers chronic fatigue.
- Stress ;
- Psychological problems, such as depression or following an emotional trauma.
What are the symptoms?
When a person is affected by chronic fatigue they will not only lack energy like what comes after a busy week, instead this loss of energy is constant. The tiredness is so extreme that it never goes away. A person afflicted by chronic fatigue can feel the effects daily as they are no longer able to work or do simple activities as they used to do before. The slightest form of activity can be exhausting even if they sleep a lot. For example even doing the a simple task like the dishes can be overwhelmingly tiring.
People who suffer from chronic fatigue want to rest and try to sleep deeply but they develop sleeping difficulties which they have never experienced before. Generally they can suffer from insomnia or frequently wake up during the night. Even if the person suffering fro chronic fatigue rests for 12 hours they can wake up tired due to sleeping difficulties.
Problems concentrating and memory problems
Some people who suffer form the syndrome also note that they suffered from memory loss and concentration problems even mental confusion. Information is transmitted to the brain more slowly which makes it difficult to concentrate fully. Short term memory problems can also arise. These symptoms make daily life for those affected by the illness difficult, especially at work, as they are increased by stress and the lack of sleep.
Pain and health problems
Depending on the person, chronic fatigue can develop some other symptoms that are varied with differing levels of intensity like:
- Joint pain,
- Swollen glands,
- Sore heads,
- Sore throat,
- Slight fever,
- Gastrointestinal difficulties.
How can you get out of this state of chronic fatigue?
There isn’t a specific treatment for Chronic Fatigue however a general management of your routine can help to manage and relieve your symptoms
- Reestablishing a program of physical activities
- Behavioural therapies which help to determine the aim of the patients activities according to their needs and capacities.
- Management of aggravating factors: A thorough research into possible factors can help to reduce the patient’s exposure to risk factors such as allergies, sleeping difficulties, digestive difficulties, breathing difficulties, states of post-traumatic stress.
For the moment medical treatments have not yet been able to show an affect in combating chronic fatigue. Nevertheless, professionals do prescribe anti-depressants to help with problems of depression or pain killers which can help combat specific feelings of pain.