Hemmorrhoids are an inflammation of the veins around the rectum and anus. One in two people over the age of 50 will already have experienced them at some point in their lives. This painful affliction is manifested by itching and burning, which are more intense when there is associated bleeding during defecation. To better understand the origin of hemorrhoids and how to prevent them, here are the main causes.
1) Intestinal problems
Intestinal problems such as diarrhea and constipation are factors which can trigger hemorrhoids. Diet plays a key role (spicy foods, coffee, etc.) and smoking also needs to be taken into account. Constipation is the main cause of hemorrhoids, and diarrhea, as both of these can irritate and erode the veins around the anus.
2) Lack of physical exercise
A sedentary lifestyle can promote the appearance of hemorrhoids. A lack of physical exercise is an aggravating factor, because exercise improves cardiovascular function. As incredible as it may seem, sport can also help develop the muscles of the anus.
3) Anal sex
Practicing anal sex (generally on a regular basis) can lead to irritation and abnormal dilation of the veins around the anus. Excessive stimulation can lead to hemorrhoids.
4) Intense physical effort
Although exercise promotes blood circulation, it is important to choose the type of physical exercise you do. Overly intensive exercise (such as sprinting, weight training, or zumba) – particularly lifting heavy weights – can dilate the blood vessels around the anus and lead to hemorrhoids.
A body that is lacking water can more easily develop hemorrhoids. Water is important to intestinal transit, and it helps counter problems such as diarrhea or constipation. In the case of constipation, go for mineral waters that are rich in magnesium.
Older people have a higher risk of getting hemorrhoids than younger people. In fact, from the age of 50 onwards, one in two people will already have suffered from hemorrhoids at some point. In order to limit the effects of ageing, adopting a healthy lifestyle is very important in order to reduce the risk (it’s never too late to make positive changes).
All throughout pregnancy, the pregnant woman is confronted with various factors that can make her more susceptible to hemorrhoids. The risk is often underestimated, and it is one of the things that tends to be less talked about in relation to pregnancy. People who get through pregnancy without them have much less chance of being spared during and after giving birth.
Thanks mom and dad! People whose parents have suffered from hemorrhoids have a higher chance of also developing them. The hereditary factor thus needs to be taken into account.
9) Excess weight
Strong pressure on the anus can lead to hemorrhoids. Being overweight, or especially being obese, is a risk factor. In fact, excess weight exerts excessive pressure on the blood vessels, leading to hemorrhoids.