Head trauma: how to respond to a blow on the head

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Head trauma: how to respond to a blow on the head
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A head trauma is caused by an injury or a blow to the head that generally leads to neurological symptoms.   Even if the blow or shock doesn’t produce any bleeding, there can still be a head trauma. If the injury is ignored, it can lead to cerebral or neurological complications.  Children are the most at risk to head traumas.  So how should you respond to a blow to the head?  

What are the symptoms of head trauma?

Here are the symptoms that can develop following a head trauma:

  • Bleeding nose or ear,
  • Nausea, vomiting,
  • Sore head,
  • Difficulties with balance,
  • Loss of consciousness, even if for a short period. 

Mark the time of the incident as well as the times when the person affect was conscious or unconscious. These pieces of information are very important for the medical team that arrive on the scene.

How should you react?

After a shock, injury or wound to the head, a deformation, hematoma or bleeding can occur.  These are the first signs of a head trauma.

It the affected person shows any signs of the symptoms above, it is important to follow these actions:

  • Immobilise the affected person so they can’t move their head,
  • If the person loses consciousness, put the person into a lateral security position,
  • Keep the head of the affected person between your hands,
  • Call 999 (emergency services) and explain in detail the accident and the affect person’s reaction.
  • Wait and follow the instructions of the paramedic team.

Following a head trauma

In the days that follow a head trauma, the doctor will as you to watch over the affected person.  Sometimes head trauma symptoms develop several hours or even several days after a shock to the head.

So you can avoid a head trauma when a child does sporting activities, it is important that your child wears a helmet for example when cycling, skiing, horse riding or rollerblading.


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