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    When endocrine disruptors threaten brain functioning

    According to an article with appeared in the CNRS Journal and edited by Barbara Demeneix, a biologist and endocrinologist who won the CNRS medal for innovation in 2014, endocrine disruptors can interfere with brain development and intellectual capacity. As these chemical products are everywhere in our day to day lives, this is a real public health problem looming on the horizon. 


    The effects of endocrine disruptors on the brain

    At a time when Europe is preparing to list the molecules that disrupt the thyroid hormones, which are essential to brain development, the biologist Barbara Demeneix is alerting policy makers and the general public to the fact that future mothers should “ensure they are getting enough iodine”.
    The hormones secreted by the thyroid provide essential endocrine signals for brain development. If these hormones are not present at the right time during pregnancy  and in the development of the foetus, the child may suffer from severe to profound intellectual disabilities, with an IQ of less than 35 (where 100 is the average). Intellectual disability is a pathology characterised by a reduction in intellectual function, and can be linked to thyroid insufficiency.
    The chemical substances that we call endocrine disruptors are omnipresent in our daily life and can change how our hormones behave. For example, we find bisphenol A in plastic babies’ bottles, which have been banned in Europe, but we also find parabens in numerous cosmetics, as well as perchlorate in tap water.
    Medical research and various studies have been carried out since 2001, showing that endocrine disruptors have negative effects on intellectual capacities in humans and negative impacts on biodiversity. Scientists have noted a reduction in IQ and an increase in neurodevelopmental illnesses in several populations.
    Credits: canstockphoto.com

    The enormous cost for public health

    Given that these endocrine disruptors end up everywhere in the natural world as a result of certain factors, notably tap water, their impact on the environment and on biodiversity is very difficult to estimate. In any case, Barbara Demeneix seems to think that their almost automatic absorption by the human body “without a doubt” exacerbates genetic predispositions to pathology.

    In 2015, with five other American and European researchers, the biologist published a study evaluating the economic cost in Europe of three chemical products containing endocrine disruptors (organophosphate pesticide, flame retardant and plasticiser), focusing on the link with reduced IQ and the increase in neurodevelopmental illnesses. They arrived at a cost of 157 billion euro per year, from these three products alone! 


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    3 old wives remedies for stopping hiccups

    After eating a meal too quickly, or following a moment of stress or fear, we tend to get hiccups. Physically, this physiological phenomenon is caused by vibrations in the air expelled by the glottis when the diaphragm contracts. The phrenic nerve, which controls the diaphragm, becomes overstimulated. So how can you stop the hiccups? And at what point should you start to worry? 

    3 old wives remedies for stopping the hiccups

    You need to calm the excessive activity of the phrenic nerve to stop a bout of the hiccups.

    Ice cubes

    Apply an ice cube to your bellybutton, which is linked to the diaphragm. The cold contact should have an effect on the upper abdominal region where the diaphragmatic contractions are occurring, and it should calm them.


    Sugared water


    Add a little sugar to a large glass of water and drink it in one go. The fact of concentrating on what your are doing should help the diaphragm to relax.



    Eat a sugar cube soaked in vinegar, which should act on the phrenic nerve. Wait a little for the vinegar and sugar to take effect. The hiccups will take a little longer to go away with this method.

    When to worry?

    If your hiccups have not stopped after trying all of these natural remedies and if they last more than 48 hours without stopping, consult your doctor. Especially if they last from several days to several weeks, as hiccups can be linked to illnesses such as gastro-oesophageal reflux, diabetes, renal failure, Parkinsons or alcoholism, or they can occur as a side effect of certain medications (tranquilisers).

    If your hiccups are accompanied by stomach pain, heartburn or difficulties swallowing, call a doctor.


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    Alcohol: why one glass is okay, but two is not!

    According to a study published in BMC Medicine, Swedish researchers in the Karolinska Institute analysed 25 papers on the subject, and concluded that excessive consumption of alcohol increases the risk of stroke, specifically heamorragic stroke. In concrete terms, blood clots block the damaged cerebral arteries. So how many glasses a day increases the probability of having a stroke?  

    From two glasses of alcohol per day, you increase your risk of haemorrhagic stroke

    According to the Swedish researchers, drinking more than two glasses of alcohol per day increases the risks of developing a haemorrhagic stroke, which occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures. People who drink a lot of alcohol run 1.6 times the risk of having a brain haemorrhage.

    How do you reduce your risk of stroke without giving up alcohol?

    According to the scientists, the link between mild to moderate alcohol consumption and low levels of fibrinogen, a protein that helps form blood clots, could explain the varying risk of ischaemic stroke.

    Almost 70,000 new cases of cancer in the world every year are linked to alcohol. Consuming alcohol affects blood pressure, which is a risk factor for a major stroke.

    Conclusion: according to the researchers, it is better to limit yourself to 1 glass of alcohol per day. The study did not specify the effects of specific alcohols based on their strength and content.


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    Your cash contains up to 2,400 disease-carrying bacteria

    We handle notes and coins almost every day. Around 7 types of bacteria find themselves on the surface of our bank notes, and up to 2,400 types are found on coins, which are never washed and are passed by hand from person to person. These bacteria are carriers of disease and sometimes viruses. How can you protect your own and your children’s health? And what are the diseases that can be passed on? 

    Staphylococcus epidermis

    Staphylococcus epidermis is a bacteria that forms in clusters and causes skin diseases, nasal infections (like sinusitis) and urinary infections. Fever, localised pains and aches, rapid breathing, increased heartbeat and excessive sweating are the main symptoms of staphylococcus.


    Certain types of bacillus have no symptoms but are pathogenic for humans and animals. Other strains of this bacteria can cause vomiting and diarrhea (gastroenteritis) between five and ten hours after having ingested it.

    Streptococcal infections

    Certain streptococcus, or streptococcals, can be responsible for serious illnesses such as meningitis, bacterial pneumonia, pharyngitis, etc. However, not all forms of this bacteria are pathogenic. 

    Group A and B streptococcal infections are often benign (sore throats, impetigo), but can also be very severe and sometimes even fatal (toxic shock syndrome, necrotising fasciitis). Group B Streptococcus can cause serious infections in newborns.

    Escherichia coli, or E. coli

    Contamination by this bacteria can lead to strong stomach pain accompanied by diarrhea (which often contains blood), vomiting, nausea, weakness and fever. These symptoms manifest from three to ten hours after contamination. This contamination is often as a result of food poisoning from consuming under-cooked or raw meat. Fruit and fresh vegetables which have been in contact with the bacteria can also be contaminated. 

    Wash your hands!

    It is impossible to avoid handling notes and coins, so wash your hands after handling money, before eating or picking up your baby, to avoid serious or mild health problems.

    Notes and coins are the best way of spreading bacteria throughout the whole world, so always wash you hands after handling money and never let your children play with it. 


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    HIV/AIDS: Self testing now available

    HIV, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, can cause AIDS, Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease. According to the World Health Organisation, almost half of people who are HIV positive do not know they are infected, hence the importance of making self testing kits widely available. It is estimated that just over 100,000 people are living with HIV in the UK. So what do you need to know about self testing? And what are the recent developments in terms of treatment? 

    SIDA pixabay

    Self testing that you can do at home to detect AIDS/HIV

    This self test can detect the AIDS virus using your saliva, if contamination occurred more than three months ago. If contamination occurred during the past three months, the test will show up negative. Blood tests carried out by a doctor can detect the virus from around 2 weeks after contamination.

    From 15 days after contamination, certain symptoms generally appear, such as fever, skin breakouts, tiredness, diarrhea, etc. These signs can disappear but can reappear a few months or years after contamination because the virus has weakened the immune system.

    If the self testing kit shows a negative result (from three months after contamination), it is 99.9% accurate. If the test shows a positive result, the reliability falls to 91.7%, with 8.3% of false positives.

    HIV test Wikimedia-commons-Oraquick

    In 2016, biology researchers in the Hebrew University of Jerusalem discovered a treatment that could lead to a complete cure for AIDS in the next few years.

    The researchers created a protein that promotes the integration of copies of the HIV genome into infected cells, which ultimately self-destruct. They tested this on blood samples from contaminated people. The self-destruction of the infected cells prevents the spread of the virus in the body.


    The treatment was first tested on blood samples in the Kaplan Medical Centre in Rehovot, Israel. The results showed a 97% reduction in the virus. The infected cells were destroyed and the virus did not reappear.

    However, this discovery needs to be put into perspective, as the  method has yet to be tested on people affected by AIDS. Just because the treatment works on blood samples doesn’t mean that it will necessarily work on people who are infected. Even if the treatment provides hope in terms of finding a cure, we will have to wait at least 5 years before we know whether it can be used to treat humans. 


    Sources : Info ISTSanté Magazine, Test salivaire

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    Why are you always cold? 10 possible reasons

    Do you tend to always be cold, morning until night, and especially in the extremities -your legs, feet and hands? This cold sensation can sometimes be accompanied by muscle tension and contractions. Here are ten probable causes for permanently feeling cold, which will help you better understand it in order to remedy the problem. 

    1) Feeling cold: linked with anaemia

    Anaemia mainly affects women and is characterised by a deficit of haemoglobin in the blood. Haemoglobin is a protein which transports oxygen around our bodies. When we are low in red blood cells, our organism and muscles do not get enough oxygen, and therefore they feel colder and can easily become numb.

    Anaemia affects around one in four people in the world, which could be due to a lack of iron, B vitamins or folic acid. Fatigue, pallour, breathlessness during effort and feeling almost permanently cold are the most common symptoms.

    2) Alcohol

    Sorry to disappoint you but alcohol doesn’t heat you up! After having a few drinks, you may start to feel the cold. The calories provided in alcohol don’t contain nutrients or essential vitamins for your body. These calories are dispersed towards the surface of the body, which causes the sensation of heat.

    In reality, your body temperature lowers by around a half a degree for every 50 g of alcohol consumed, which is why regular consumption of alcohol can be accompanied by chronic coldness.

    3) Tiredness

    Lack of sleep can disrupt your body’s mechanisms, which normally regulate body temperature. If you don’t get enough sleep (and thus lack energy), your body will not carry out its principal functions as well, such as muscle exertion or digestion, which help with producing body heat.


    4) Iron deficiency

    Iron deficiency is one of the main causes of anaemia, and is more common in women. We talk about iron deficiency anaemia when the lack of iron is accompanied by sensations of cold, shivers or cold sweats.

    Iron carries oxygen to the blood and plays an important role in body temperature regulation. You can get a blood test to determine if you have an iron deficiency and/or ensure you are getting more iron in your diet with natural, healthy ingredients.

    5) Poor blood circulation

    Some people feel the cold only in the extremities, especially in the hands and feet, in summer as well as in winter. Sometimes, their extremities can go blue, become numb or painful. In such cases, it could be a problem with blood circulation, due to the heart not pumping enough blood to reach the body’s extremities, or because the arteries are blocked around the feet and hands.

    You can consult your doctor who can help you find treatment solutions. You can also do physical exercise and consume a healthy diet. 

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    10 useful and effective applications of baking soda for health and beauty

    Almost everybody has some bicarbonate of soda, also called baking soda, in their kitchen cupboards, but did you know that it can be very useful for treating numerous health and skin problems? Housework, cooking, health and beauty -its uses are wide and varied, but overall it is very effective and natural! Don’t forget to mix it with water before consuming it or applying it to the skin. 

    Internal applications of baking soda for your health

    It is better to avoid consumption of bicarbonate of soda in the following cases: pregnant or breastfeeding women, children younger than 5, people with high blood pressure which is being treated medically (seek the advice of your doctor to ensure there are no unwanted reactions between the bicarbonate of soda and your meds).

    Baking soda: ideal for neutralising gastric acid

    If you don’t have a balanced diet, the acidity levels in your stomach rise. The alkaline properties of baking soda can neutralise gastric acid and protect the lining of the stomach, all the while restoring your system’s pH. It is also an excellent natural remedy for heartburn and gastro-oesophageal reflux (burps or belching). 

    Dilute 1/2 a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water and drink it.

    A natural anti-cancer ingredient

    According to Doctor Otto Warburg, winner of the Nobel Prize for physiology, cancerous tumours cannot survive in an alkaline environment, hence it may be beneficial to regularly consume bicarbonate of soda diluted in a glass of water. The alkalising action of the bicarbonate of soda can prevent the proliferation of bacteria in the blood and hamper the development of cancerous cells. 

    Helps with urinary infections

    Treat urinary infections and relieve the associated pain by drinking a glass of water in which you have diluted a teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda.

    The antibacterial and antacid properties of the bicarbonate of soda kill the bacteria which cause the infection and reduce the acidity of your urine. If the infection lasts longer than three days, consult your doctor.

    Natural flu remedy

    The bactericide and virus-killing properties of baking soda make for a very good natural remedy for many illnesses, especially for flu. You need to take it at the beginning of the illness in order for it to take effect.

    Mix 1/2 a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water, and drink 6 glasses of this mixture a day -a glass every two hours the first day, and reducing the amount by two glasses a day during the following three days.

    It can treat kidney stones

    The accumulation of uric acid in the body can cause gout and kidney stones. The antacid effect of the bicarbonate of soda helps eliminate the uric acid and re-establish equilibrium.

    It improves physical performance

    During intense physical effort, lactic acid is secreted. Released in high quantities, this acid can cause a burning sensation in the muscles. Bicarbonate of soda can neutralise the effect of the lactic acid, reducing muscle pain and boosting physical performance. 

    External applications of bicarbonate of soda: body and beauty


    For the teeth and mouth

    Bicarbonate of soda is a cheap and effective remedy for canker sores. Make a mouthwash by diluting a teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of water, rinsing after use with cold water.

    You can also replace your regular toothpaste: sprinkle a little on a damp toothbrush before cleaning your teeth -it’s a natural teeth whitener!

    Fungal infections on the skin

    Bicarbonate of soda is an excellent natural fungicide -it stops the growth of fungal pathogens which can develop on the nails, the skin and scalp.

    A good natural deodorant

    It has no smell but it can replace your regular deodorant. Sprinkle a little on your armpits or add it to water and brush the solution onto your armpits.

    A boost to your shampoo

    If you have greasy, lifeless hair, add 1 teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda to your organic shampoo once a week and massage it into your scalp for three to five minutes. Leave it to work for 10 minutes and rinse it well. Your hair will thank you for it!

    Sources : Consogloble, Santé Plus Mag

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    Foot pain and itching: what it says about your health

    Having spent most of the summer exposed to the fresh air, our feet find themselves once again almost always in shoes and socks. During the long cold months, you have a tendency to look at them less, and thus take less care of them. Mistake! Continue to pamper them! Sometimes, you can notice unpleasant effects in your feet: itching, swelling, burning, cold, etc. Here are five sensations that could be a sign of minor health problems or illnesses.

    Itchy feet

    If your feet are itchy, you could have a fungal infection in your feet, or “athlete’s foot”, as it is called because athletes often develop it due to perspiration. These fungi, called dermatophytes, are promoted by heat and moisture, and develop in the superficial layer of the skin. Causing strong itching, this fungus can spread from the toes sometimes as far as the sole of the foot.

    Apply an antifungal cream over the course of a few weeks to get rid of the fungus. If it doesn’t clear up, consult a doctor or a dermatologist. After exercising, make sure to wash and dry your feet well, especially between the toes, and don’t share your towel because the infection is contagious. Air out your runners and disinfect them with an anti-fungal powder.

    Burning sensations

    A burning sensation in your feet can go from tingling to pain. If you have spent the day out shopping, this is normal. But if the sensation persists, it could be the sign of a circulation illness called peripheral artery disease (PAD), which often affects older people with coronary illnesses. It is caused by hardening of the arteries or by arterial lesions.

    Raise your legs as soon as you can to relieve the symptoms of PAD. If the burning sensation lasts longer than a week or two, or if it becomes intense, consult your doctor.

    Cold feet

    Many people have cold feet for no particular reason, but it could also be a sign of poor blood circulation. If you smoke and are over 40, you could be suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), an inflammatory illness which prevents the bronchi from absorbing enough oxygen and which leads to reduced levels of oxygen in the bloodstream. Given that the extremities are most sensitive to poor circulation, you could experience cold or numb feet. Consult your doctor -an early diagnosis of COPD can slow down the progression of the illness and the changes to respiratory functions.

    Swollen feet

    Your feet could swell as a result of shoes that are too tight, or staying in a standing position for too long. But if the swelling lasts several days, consult your doctor, because it  could be a sign of kidney problems, or the side effect of a medication for diabetes or high blood pressure, for example

    Beware, if the swelling is accompanied by thoracic pain, respiratory difficulties or vertigo, it could indicate that a blood clot is blocking an artery and that blood is accumulating in the legs, or it could also be a symptom of cardiac illness. In such cases, consult your doctor immediately.

    Pain in your big toe?

    If you notice pain in one of your big toes, you may be suffering from a complex and painful form of arthritis called gout, which occurs because of high levels of uric acid in the blood. The uric acid crystals develop especially in the joints, such as the big toe. The big toe swells up, goes red and becomes very painful. An unhealthy diet, excessive consumption of alcohol and lack of physical exercise are three factors which are often at the root of this increase in uric acid levels.


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    Everyday aloe vera: more than 200 health benefits

    You may be surprised to learn that aloe vera (Barbadensis Miller) contains more than 200 essential nutrients for the skin and body. It is anti-viral, anti-bacterial, astringent, promotes cell regeneration, etc., and has numerous uses, without side effects. Discover the most useful of aloe vera’s benefits for your health!


    External applications of aloe vera for your skin

    Aloe vera has numerous external applications (for the skin): antiseptic, antibacterial, antiviral, fungicidal, hydrating, etc.

    Hydrating and astringent properties

    Aloe vera gel tightens skin tissue, and stops breakouts. In terms of skin problems, it is very effective for fighting against seborrhea, cold sores, rosacea, eczema or psoriasis (and can be coupled with internal usage), but it is also great for blisters, body odour, frostbite, cracked skin, callouses on the feet, warts, and cracked skin around the anus. 

    Aloe vera gel is very hydrating, it naturally firms up the skin of the face and neck. Its 200 components nourish the deep skin layers. 

    Aloe vera gel can also strengthen your hair because it penetrates the roots of the hair and revitalises it.

    Antibacterial and antifungal properties

    Aloe vera is an excellent natural antibacterial, which means it can destroy bacteria for example on wounds. However, it mainly disinfects minor injuries. Furthermore, the gel from this plant promotes healing, and can repair minor wounds and prevent them from scarring.

    In the case of fungal infections on the skin, aloe vera gel is an excellent natural remedy because it is fungicidal: it kills fungi, even on the scalp if it is used in the correct doses in a natural shampoo. 

    Anesthetic and regenerating properties


    Aloe vera gel anesthesises infected or irritated tissue, and has a calming, soothing effect. It can therefore stop itching, relieve insect bites, nettle stings or jellyfish stings. 

    Whether burns are caused by heat, cold, boiling water, sunshine, an electric charge or radiation, aloe vera can have spectacular results because it renews damaged tissue. 

    In dermatology, aloe vera gel is widely used to stabilise the skin’s pH and to revitalise and accelerate cell regeneration, digesting dead skin cells and deeply hydrating the skin.

    It can increase the production of fibroblast cells, which form the dermis of the skin, and can help produce them six to eight times more quickly than usual. Aloe vera speeds up the production of collagen by the fibroblast cells.

    Anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties

    As well as its anti-rheumatic and analgesic properties, used to soothe muscle and joint pains, aloe vera is an effective natural anti-inflammatory which gets rid of redness, heat rashes, skin irritations, swelling and inflammation.

    Applied by rubbing in or using compresses, it relieves sprains, bruising and tissue breakdown. 

    Internal applications of aloe vera for your health

    Certain aloe vera gels (Barbadensis Miller) are drinkable and make excellent natural health remedies. For example, it regulates the digestive tract, stimulates the immune system and contains vitamins and trace minerals. Before consumption, look into the correct dosage depending on what you would like to use it for. 

    It strengthens the immune system

    Aloe vera contains around 200 valuable nutrients including enzymes, vitamins, bioflavanoids, isoflavanoids, saponin, sugars and essential amino acids which naturally boost the immune system. 

    It purifies the digestive system


    Aloe vera detoxes the digestive tract and its enzymes promote digestion, while improving blood circulation and lymphatic circulation, and the functions of the kidneys, liver and biliary system. Its drinkable gel equally protects the intestines against peptic ulcers. It eliminates digestive difficulties and promotes digestion.

    It helps fight against:

    Sleep difficulties

    Aloe vera calms the nervous system, helps you concentrate and fights against sleep difficulties. Say goodbye to insomnia, and naturally!


    Drinkable aloe vera in the right dosage helps absorb excess mucus that builds up in the bronchi. It relieves asthma and combats chronic bronchitis, without side effects. It is its Bechic properties which mean it can help you get rid of a cough. 


    Internal use and external application of aloe vera allows for regeneration and balancing of the organism in those affected by diabetes. You can also apply it to wounds and ulcers caused by circulation problems in the legs or feet.

    Infections and viruses

    The consumption of drinkable aloe vera gel allows the body to fight against all types of infections, thanks to its anti-bacterial and antiviral properties, which eliminate bacteria and viruses from your system. It is very effective for liver problems because it improves the functioning of the liver. It is a good natural remedy for over-consumption of alcohol. 

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    Sleeping with your bra on: what are the health risks?

    Did you know that it’s not good to wear a bra for more than 7 hours at a time, or during the night? In fact, outside of this time limit, the elastic in your bra can affect the blood circulation around your bust. However, 80% of women wear a bra, and some keep it on overnight. Read on to find out the health consequences of regularly wearing a bra. 

    The bra: a history of split opinions

    According to a French study carried out over a period of 15 years by Professor Jean-Denis Rouillon, wearing a bra causes a loss of breast firmness and the appearance of streaks on the skin. 

    To remedy this, if you can’t go without one, be careful not to choose very tight bras that will compress your breasts and prevent good blood circulation.

    Women with a large bust confirm that they like wearing a bra because it keeps their breasts in place and provides extra comfort, especially when they walk or do exercise. They should make sure that their bra fits well and doesn’t cut off blood circulation around the back and chest.

    décolleté soutien gorge pixabay

    Wearing a bra a night: the health risks

    If you didn’t know it already, during the night, your body purifies itself of toxins. But a bra compresses several glands and lymph canals, which disrupts the filtration and natural elimination of toxins by lymphatic drainage. 

    Wearing a bra can also cause water retention which can then lead to long term problems such as the appearance of cysts, fibrous nodules or tumours. 

    Regularly wearing a bra at night can compress your breasts and a part of the armpits, which can cause a release of toxins by the lymph glands. Furthermore, the constricted blood circulation can be made worse by another factor: the increased temperature in the chest area caused by wearing a bra can become toxic in the long term, because pre-cancerous breast tissue has a higher temperature than healthy breast tissue. Wearing a bra at night therefore may be dangerous and seems to promote the risk of breast cancer. 

    To promote good circulation of the blood and lymph glands, so as to eliminate toxins and ensure they don’t build up around the breasts, your chest needs to be free and able to move.

    If you absolutely feel the need to wear a bra at night, and can’t do without it, be aware that there are bras available that are designed to separate the breasts and prevent the appearance of wrinkles, which can form when the breasts are pressed together all night long.


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    7 reasons exercise is good for your health

    Doing sport or regular physical activity improves blood circulation and the amount of oxygen that goes to the brain, which can have positive effects such as the prevention of cognitive problems and age-related degenerative illnesses. Most people exercise to lose weight or to stay in shape, but nowadays we know that exercise also has both physiological and psychological health benefits. 

    1) Physical exercise improves your memory

    Physical exercise can improve your memory, because fairly regular exercise helps you reduce stress and helps you concentrate on what you want to learn. In fact, sport increases the production of cells in the hippocampus, the brain area responsible for memory and learning.

    2) Sport improves your mood

    When you do physical exercise, you release endorphins which lead to feelings of happiness and euphoria. You can sometimes feel as if you are walking on air. This is why it is strongly recommended for people who suffer from temporary depression to practice several sports or types of physical exercise, which will help them feel better.

    If you tend to feel stressed or anxious, sport can help you to relax and to sleep better, all of which makes you more productive in your daily life.

    3) Exercise gives you self confidence

    Exercising can help you improve your self image, which will help you feel better in your own skin. If you link sport with a healthier diet, you will feel the benefits in body and mind, and you will have more energy.

    sport courir pixabay

    4) You will have better social relationships

    Having a better self image, feeling happier and more open has advantages in your social relationships. You’ll see that after a few days or weeks of doing regular exercise. you will feel better and that will start to show in your social relationships too.

    Given that your body will be in better shape, you will also be able to participate in group activities, signing up for sports or even just starting a conversation with someone you don’t know. In short, you will feel more sociable and more positive.

    5) Sport prevents cognitive degeneration

    Physical exercise is an excellent way of preventing maladies such as Alzheimer’s. If you are between 25 and 45 years old, this is the best time to take up regular exercise.

    6) It can help you control addictions

    If you are addicted to smoking, alcohol, drugs or other substances or behaviours, exercising will help you to gradually take back control. With exercise and a little willpower, you can succeed in beating addiction.

    Addiction is linked with dopamine, a hormone that is also released when we do physical exercise. This is why exercising is a very effective way of managing addictions. 

    7) Exercise can increase your productivity

    Regular exercise will give you more energy, because it helps you to stay alert throughout the day. Slumps in energy and lack of concentration at work can also disappear with regular exercise.


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    Pregnancy: what is the best sleeping position?

    According to a study led by researchers in the University of Auckland in New Zealand, published in The Journal of Physiology, sleeping on your back during the third trimester of pregnancy increases the risk of premature death of the foetus. It is not easy for pregnant women to find a comfortable sleeping position, but the task becomes even more complicated as the due date gets closer! So if you should avoid sleeping on your back, what position should you go for?

    Sleeping position and premature foetal death

    The study by the New Zealand researchers on late term stillbirths, also called premature foetal death, showed that sleeping on your back in the third trimester increases the risk of this happening. The effects of different sleeping positions on the foetus’s health were analysed.

    The scientists followed 29 pregnant women who were in good health at the beginning of the third trimester, right up until they gave birth. They had to sleep in different positions for periods of 30 minutes, which allowed the scientists to calculate the variations in the foetal heartbeat during each position.

    All of the babies were born in good health, but the researchers noted that when the mothers slept on their backs, this position changed the baby’s heart rate, leading to a reduction in the amount of oxygen in the baby’s bloodstream and organs. This sleep position therefore seemed to increase the risk of stillbirths.

    Towards the end of pregnancy: what position should you sleep in?

    Given that sleeping on your back compresses the principal veins and brings the blood towards the mother’s heart”, this could lead to a fall in the mother’s cardiac output or blood supply to the placenta. According to the results of the study, pregnant women should sleep on their left side, which contains the aorta and the heart, because the walls of this artery are the most rigid, allowing for optimal blood circulation.

    enceinte lit pixabay


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